"I believe in Spinoza's God who reveals Himself in the orderly harmony of what exists,
not in a God who concerns himself with fates and actions of human beings." -- Einstein
- "I do not think that it is necessarily the case that science and religion are natural opposites.
In fact, I think that there is a very close connection between the two. Further, I think that
science without religion is lame and, conversely, that religion without science is blind.
Both are important and should work hand-in-hand" -- Einstein
- A short note on the subjects listed in the Contents column:
- BECOMING A FREETHINKER AND A SCIENTIST
Einstein's account of how he rejected conventional religion on entering his teens.
- On Prayer, Purpose, and the Soul
Excerpts from Einstein's letters on the futility of prayer, the lack of purpose in Nature,
and on the questions of the purpose of life and the immortality of the soul.
- On Atheism
Einstein explains that he is an agnostic, not an atheist. "... deeply emotional conviction of the presence of a superior reasoning power,
which is revealed in the incomprehensible Universe, forms my idea of God."
- No Personal God
Excerpts from Einstein's letters wherein he disclaims any belief in a personal God
- WEANING HUMANKIND FROM THE PERSONAL GOD
Give up the idea of a personal God in favor of cultivating the Good, the True, and the Beautiful in humanity itself.
- Einstein on the Mysterious
"The fairest thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the fundamental emotion
which stands at the cradle of true art and true science."
- THE RELIGIOUSNESS OF SCIENCE
There is a religious motive for doing science, but it does not entail a belief in a personal God.
- The Development of Religion
There is a common element to all religious experience, although it is seldom found in a pure form. Einstein calls it "cosmic religious feeling."
He says of such cosmic religious feeling that "it is very difficult to elucidate this feeling to anyone who is entirely without it,
especially as there is no anthropomorphic conception of God corresponding to it."
- SCIENCE AND RELIGION
Einstein's definition of the proper realms of science and religion.
- Religion and Science: Irreconcilable?
There is no necessary conflict between science and religion if the nature of religion is properly understood.
- CONVERSATION ON RELIGION, ANTISEMITISM
A conversation between Einstein and Peter A. Bucky that summarizes Einstein's views on science and religion.
Einstein attributes antisemitism to the fact that "Jews make an ideal scapegoat for any country experiencing social, economic, or political difficulties."
Some Related Aspects of Einstein's Philosophy
For links to more Einstein material, see Albert Einstein Online.
- MORALS AND EMOTIONS
Separating morality from religion.
- Excerpts from The World as I see it.
On the meaning of life, Einstein's world view, and good and evil.
- Einstein's Credo: A short summary of Einstein's approach to life.
- Einstein's Faith: A short summary of Einstein's faith as seen by Abraham Pais, a contemporary physicist and friend of Einstein's.
- Einstein's Last Thoughts - as described in Roland Clark's biography
- Short Quotations on the subject of religion and God.
See also: God & Evil - CEM Joad