Sri RanganAyakai Nama:
In this slOkam , Bhattar describes the unique enjoyment of Nithya Sooris/Saadya DevAs in serving the dhivya dampathis in Sri Vaikuntam.
tE saadhyA: santhi dEvA Janani!
bhOgairvA nirvisEshA: savayasa iva yE
hE Sri: Srirangabharthustava cha padha-
haDAthkAra kaimkarya-bhOgA: II
(meaning : Dr.V.N.Vedantha Desikan):The Nithyasooris --also called Saadhya DevAs -- are exactly like the Lord in GuNAs, Form , its non-material nature , behaviour nature and bliss without any difference. They are ever flawless;they engage themselves ever in Your service --I mean the service to Both of You -- by compulsive force of their emotional force that compels service as a pleasure in itself , the mind being filled with love of the Divine Couple and love of Their service--they derive a unique bliss. it is only such a voluntary loving service , which is free from stigmas. Elsewhere One speaks of service to a person , whosoever he may be as a lowly job to be condemned.
Additional Comments & Elaborations by adiyEn
Bhattar addresses Sri RanganAyaki as "JananI" or the Mother of the Universe . He describes the joyous service (kaimkaryam ) renderd by Nithya Sooris to Her and Her Lord In Sri Vaikuntam . These Nithya Sooris are known otherwise as as Sadhya DEvAs with their home in Sri Vaikuntam.
Twice in Purusha Sooktam , we come across references to Saadhya DEvAs: (1)"Yathra PoorvE SaadhyAssanthi DEvA:" and (2) "tEna dEvA ayajantha , SaadhyA Rishasccha yE". Swamy ParAsara Bhattar uses verbatim the Vedic Phrase : " SaadhyA: Santhi dEvA:" from Purusha Sooktham .The commentary of Upanishad BhAshyakArar , Sri RanganAtha Muni for the word "dEvA: " in Purusha Sooktham is as follows:
" tE surA: parikeerthayanthE yE SurAlaya-vaasina:.
Vaikunta-Vaasina: Sarve SaadhyA dEvA: sameerithA:"
( Those who reside in Svarga lOkam of IndrA are called SurAs and those who reside in the Vaikunta Lokam are recognized as SaadhyAs. The Term dEvA: in Purusha Sooktham identifies with the SaadhyAs or Nithya Sooris).
The SaadhyAs are some what different from Muktha Jeevans in that they never experienced the bonds of Karma like the Bhaddha Jeevans. Nithya Kaimkaryam to the Dhivya Dampathis in Sri Vaikuntam is their whole way of life. They thrive from the enjoyment of performance of Kaimkaryam and accept such kaimkaryama as Parama BhOga anubhavam.
These SaadhyAs some times-- at the command of the Dhivya Dampathis-- descend to earth as AchAryans to redeem us. Examples of them in our Guru ParamparA in descending order are :
(1)Swamy NammAzhwAr ( Nithya Soori VishvaksEna amsam)
(2)AchArya Naatha Muni (Nithya Soori Gaja VakthrAmsar)
(4) ManakkAl Nampi (KumudAmsar)
(5) AaLavandhAr (Nithya Soori Hari-VakthrAmsar)
(6) Periya Nampi (KumudhAkshAmsar)
(7) EmperumAnAr ( AdhisEshAmsam)
(8) ThirukkuruhaippiLLAn ( Nithya Soori PrasaNDAmsar)
(9) His sishyar, YengaL AzhvAn ( VijayAmsar)
(10)His sishyar,NadAdhUr AmmAl (Nithya Soori SubhadrAmsar)
(11)His sishyar,ApuLLAr (Nithya Soori SuprathishtAmsar)
(12)Swamy Desikan (ThiruvEnkatamudayAn's Bell )
(13)His Sishyar, Brahma tantra Svatantra Swamy
(14)His Mukhya Sishyar, KaDikAsatham AmmAL
(15)His chief sishyar, Sri Adhi VaNN SathakOpar ,
who received sanyAsam from Lakshmi Nrusimhan Himself.
This Guru ParamparA continues without break until now. The SaadhyAs incarnate here (on Earth) , complete the task assigned to them by the Divine Couple and hurry back at the end to Sri Vaikuntam to enjoy the bliss of Nithya Kaimkaryam there. These are the SaadhyAs that Bhattar has in mind.
In the first two paadhams of this slOkam , Bhattar provides additional proof for the Saadhya dEvAs being identical to Nithya Sooris. He describes them as "Nithya NirdhOsha GandhA:" They have no blemish of Karma sambhandham wahtsoever ; in contrast,the other Muktha Jeevans in Sri Vaikuntam had karam sambhandham in Bhaddha Dasai before Prapatthi anushtAnam .
These Nithya Sooris (Saadhya dEvas) have six points of similarity to the Lord :(1)GuNam (2) dhivya ManGaLa Vigraham(3)vEsham /kOlam (4) Vruttham /Conductance without involvement with karmAs (5)Svaroopam / Possession of Jn~Anam , Aanandham and Amalathvam (6)BhOgam or capacity to enjoy equally the dhivya dampathis' Isvaryam/VibhUthi. The Brahma Soothram , " BhOgamAthra Saamya LingAsccha" refers to this identity in enjoyment as the Lord & His consort. The only activities that the SaadhyAs and the Muktha Jeevans do not have the power to enter into are the cosmic activities such as the creation of the Universe , its protection and destruction.These cosmic activitis reside exclusively with the Lord.
Oh RanganAyaki! These SaadhyAs melt with joy over the opportunity You both and are servants of Yours . With a mind overcome by the power of serving You both, these SaadhyAs identify their kaimkaryams as their Sole bliss (BhOgam). They are enslaved as it were by the powerful bonds of affection to You both.They do not know any vrutthi (occupation) other than Sesha Vrutthi ( occupation as bonded servants ) and are compelled as it were by their own deep love and affection for You both as adhyantha Sesha bhUthALs .Their prEmai for You both overpowers them and leads them to enjoy "HaDAthkAra Kaimkarya BhOgam".HadAthkAram means obsessive mode of behavior , where one is helpless and they spend their time in such a blissful state of kaimkaryam to You both. The powerful feelings of love for You both propell them with force (BhalAthkAram) to serve You both and enjoy the blis sresulting therefrom.
NaarAyaNa NaarAyaNa NaarAyana ,
Daasan Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri SatakOpan