Introduction

This stotram is a celebration of Nama Siddhaantham, Saranagati, prayer for unceasing remembrance of the Lord"s holy feet at all times and places , ParatatvaNirnayam, Exhortation to Cetanas to offer Prapatti at the holy feet of the most merciful Lord , who has Sri Devi as His inseperable companion . Hence, It is a summation of all the profound priniciples of our Sri Sampradhaayam .

Regarding the celebration of the Naamaas of the Lord, Vishnu Sahasra Naamam points us the secret behind the names of the Lord. It Says "Yasya Naamaani Gownaani " . It reveals that His names are Gaunaas (i-e) His names are nothing but a sound Form of His Gunaas (attributes) . The Lord , who is the abode of infinite attributes has therefore Infinite Naamaas. By celbrating these names, One grows one's Bhakti and enters the "Rama Bhakti Saamrajyam". Kulasekhara,as one of the greatest Rama Bhakthas followed Naama Siddhaantham and made his city resonant with the shouts of Sriranga Yaatra to remind himself and others about the Lord of Ishvaaku Kulam resting at Srirangam in Kali Yugam. This Yugam is an age of emotion and in this age, one can be saved only through the easy route of Bhakti or dedicated devotion to the Divya Dampathis through Raaganga Bhakti (emotional attachment ) through Naama Sankeertanam and Archana with Nama Kusumaas. Saint Thyagaraja and many others have followed the message of Mukunda Maala and attained the supreme goal of life.That is why Saint Thyagaraja chose Sri Ragam for his Kriti "Naama Kusumamulacheh Poojincceh Nara Janmameh Janmamu Manasa". Here the Saint , who is both a Naama and Naada Siddhanti follows the technique adopted by Kulasekhara in Mukunda Maala, where many of the verses are set in the context of the poet"s conversation with his Manas (Maanasa Sambodhanam ).

Swami Desikan in our Acharya Sampradhaaya established in his powerful grantham (Dramidopanishad Taatparya Ratnaavali ) that the 1000 verses of Thiruvaimozhi of Sri Nammazhwaar are the celebration of the thousand (Infinite ) Gunaas of the Lord having Sri Devi as His Consort. The "1000 verses of Kuruhoor Satakopan are housed in ten decads. Swami Desikan states those ten decads are like a trunk path to all the limitless Gunaas of the Lord known as Sri Vallabhan, Srinivasan and Sridharan. These ten Gunas mapping on to the ten decads and through linkages to the other infinite Gunaas are summarized in this slokam of Swami Desikan: 

Sevyatvaat Bhogya Bhaavaat Subha Tanu Vibhavaat 
Sarva Bhogyaadhikatvaat Sreyastadhedhudhaanaat 
Sritavivasatayaaa Svaasritaanishtahrutvaat I Bhaktacchandhanuvrutteh : 
Nirupadhiga Suhrdbhaavaata: Satpadhavyaam Saahayaccha 
Svasiddeh: Svayamiha Karanam Sreedhara: Pratyapaadhi Ii

The TEN GUNAAS celebrated by Nammazhwar according to Swami Desikan are: 
(1) Sevyatvam: Worshippable 
(2) Bhogyatvam : Enjoyable 
(3) Subhatanutvam: Having a Divya mangala Vigraham 
(4) Sarva Bhogyaadhikatvam: Standing as the supreme Bhogya and transcending all the other enjoyable tattvas or objects 
(5) Sreyastadheudhanatvam: Representing all the four purusharthams as well as the cause behind them and as anugraha sakti to attain them 
(6) Srita Vivasatam : Being under the spell of Prapannas (ie) He is Vasyan (Vaseekaranam) to Prapannas. 
(7) Svaasritaanishta hrutva Tatvam (Gunam) : He removes the sorrows and sufferings of those , who take refuge in Him 
(8) Bhaktaanucchandaanuvruttam: Acting according to the wishes of His devottees as Yatoktakaari 
(9) Nirupadhika Suhrut Bhavam: Well wisher and protector of His Bhaktas without any premeditation or reason (AVYAAJA SUHRUT ) and 
(10) Sat- Padhavyaam Saahayaam : Being a companion on the road of the Prapanna (Mukti Maargam ) as MUKUNDA . 

These ten Gunaas celbrated by Nammazhwaar in his 1000 verses of Thiruvaimozhi representing the 1000 gunaas of the Lord (Sahasra Saakopanishad Samaagamam ), according to Swami Desikan are the essence of the teachings of the Sama Vedam with its 1000 Upanishads corresponding to each of its 1000 Saakaas. That is the greatness of the Naamas(Gunaas) celebrated by Kulasekhara in his MUKUNDA MAALA . 

I will start with the first sloka of Mukunda Maala in the next posting and wherever possible weave in the thoughts enshrined in the Bhashyam of Parasara Bhatta on the 1000 names of the Lord (Sri Vishnu Sahasra Naamam ). May the Lord and Sri Devi accept this humble offering ! 

Oppiliappan Koil Varadachari Sadagopan


In Dec.2001-Jan.2002, Shriman Sadagopan Iyengar swami avargal posted in the Bhakti List six articles on Kainkaryam, based 
on Kulasekhara Azhwar's Mukundamala slokam. These articles have been collated by me in a single file; it may be seen HERE.

Krishnaswamy M.K.