Nagaiah chants/sings slokas from Bhagavad Gita: ch.18-66; Ch.12: 12-15, 17-19; Ch.6-30, followed by the Bhajan: sarvamangala nAmA SitaRama Rama in the Film: Bhakta Potana - 1942
The composer (Samudrala Raghavacharya) who placed first the sarvadharmaan charama slokam from the last chapter of the Gita (18-66), then the chapter-12 slokams next, and yo maam pashyati sarvatra (6-30) last in the Lyrics has attempted to convey the deep import of the sarvadharmaan slokam through this sequence.
The sarvadharmaan parityajya slokam does not state, as commonly understood, that past sinful acts are pardoned when the individual subsequently surrenders totally to the Lord. The individual will suffer/enjoy the consequences of the past actions according to the Law of Karma.
In this context, read Swami Desikan's explanation in: http://www.srihayagrivan.org/ebooks/089_caramaVS.pdf
78. THE ARGUMENT THAT CONSCIOUSLY COMMITTED PAPAMS WILL BE DESTROYED ON THEIR OWN �.
Some say that the sins generated through conscious acts (buddhi pUrva pApams) in the post-prapatti period would also be banished by the Lord. They cite the Lord�s statement in His carama Slokam that He will chase away all pApams. We can reconcile this odd-sounding views this way without conflict with prapatti SAstram: The sins arising from conscious acts are destroyed by performing the appropriate prAyaScittams. For the rough ones, who won�t perform these prAyaScittams, our Lord will mete out some punishments to them, make them suffer and this way destroy those sins that cling to him. This act on the part of the Lord destroys the sins in a manner that fits with the rules of prapatti SAstram.
As a result of the cleansing
experience, the individual learns, enters the path of spiritual discipline and
develops the traits mentioned in the slokas 12-20 of ch.12 which are dear to the
he/she will then be able to surrender the ego to God's Will - in the manner
envisaged by Ramana Maharishi who spoke of the ego dropping after genuine and
The composer who strung together these slokas from the Gita in a particular sequence and have it chanted/sung soulfully with great devotion by Nagaiah has succeeded in conveying to us the essence of this core-message of the Gita.
The sarvadharmaan slokam does not also advise us to give up our
normal duties (sva-dharma). There might be occasions in our life when we may have
to engage in actions which appear to be contrary to the dharmic rules
prescribed by religion, society etc. Arjuna, for example, faced this
issue and almost walked out of the field of battle, contrary to the kshatriya
dharma. Krishna spoke to him about a higher
duty which would be clear when one develops a samabuddhi
as described in slokas 12-20 (Ch.12) and acts according to the dictates of the
Then, Krishna assures, the apparent transgressions (sins) according to the
normal laws of society will not taint such an evolved individual whose
individual consciousness has merged into the universal consciousness. Adi
Sankara in Bhaja Govindam explained this transformation leading to a blissful
state of existence, thus:
Periodically, individuals with such highly evolved universal perception do appear and lead others to act. They are truly the avataars endowed with Godly powers and universal consciousness, who have no selfish interest whatsoever in the results of their actions. We are fortunate in having lived contemporaneously with a few, like Mahatma Gandhi.
Slokam 66, Chapter XVIII:
66. Abandon all duties and come to Me the only refuge. I will release thee from all sins; grieve not!
slokams 13-20, Chapter XII
13. Who has ill-will towards none, who is friendly and compassionate, who has shed all thought of �mine' or �I', who regards pain and pleasure alike, who is long-suffering;
14. Who is ever content, gifted with yoga, self-restrained, of firm conviction, who has dedicated his mind and reason to Me�that devotee (bhakta) of Mine is dear to Me.
15. Who gives no trouble to the world, to whom the world causes no trouble, who is free from exultation, resentment, fear and vexation,�that man is dear to Me.
16. Who expects naught, who is pure, resourceful, unconcerned, untroubled, who indulges in no undertakings,�that devotee of Mine is dear to Me.
17. Who rejoices not, neither frets nor grieves, who covets not, who abandons both good and ill�that devotee of Mine is dear to Me.
18. Who is same to foe and friend, who regards alike respect and disrespect, cold and heat, pleasure and pain, who is free from attachment;
19. Who weighs in equal scale blame and praise, who is silent, content with whatever his lot, who owns no home, who is of steady mind,�that devotee of Mine is dear to Me.
20. They who follow this essence of dharma, as I have told it, with faith, keeping Me as their goal,�those devotees are exceedingly dear to Me.
Slokam 30, Chapter VI
30. He who sees Me everywhere and everything in Me, never vanishes from Me nor I from him.