Etymology of some UPANISHADIC TERMS:( BU: Brihadaranyaka Upanishad)

Ayasya Angirasa

Breath in the mouth, which is the essence of the limbs. Essence=rasa; limbs=Anga. This one here (Aya) is within the mouth (Asya). (BU.1.3.19)


Breath is also Brihaspati. Brihat is speech; he is her lord (pati). (BU.1.3.20)


Breath is also Brahmanaspati. Prayer (Brahman), verily, is speech; he is her lord (pati). (BU.1.3.21)


Breath is also the Sama-Veda. The chant (Saman) verily, is speech. It is SA (she) and AMA (he). That is the origin of the word SAMAN. Or because it is equal (Saman) to a gnat, a fly, an elephant, the three worlds, this universe; therefore indeed, it is the Sama-Veda. (BU.1.3.22)


Breath is also the Udgitha. Verily, it is up; for by breath is this whole world upheld (ut-tabdha).Song (githa) is verily, speech; UT and GITHA - that is UDGITHA. (BU.1.3.23)


Since before (purva) all this world, he burned up all evils, therefore he is Purusa. (BU.1.4.3)


Verily, Purusa had no delight. He desired a second. He was indeed as large as a woman and a man closelyembraced. He caused that self to fall (/pat) into twopieces. Therefrom arose a huaband (pati) and a wife (patni). (BU.1.4.3)


Because a son delivers (trayate) his father from the hell known as PUTH, therefore he is called Putra (son). (BU.1.5.17)

The 33 Gods

Eight Vasus, eleven Rudras, twelve Adityas, Indra and Prajapati. (BU.3.9.2)


Fire, earth, wind, atmosphere, sun, sky, moon and the stars are the eight Vasus. Upon them this excellent (vasu) world is set, for they give a dwelling (vasaayante) to the world. Therefore they are called Vasus. (BU.3.9.3)


The ten breaths in a person, and the self as the eleventh. Because they make us lament (/rud) when they goout from this mortal body, therefore they are called Rudras. (BU.3.9.4)


The twelve months of the year. These are Adityas, for they go carrying along this whole world. Since they go (yanti) carrying along (a-da) this whole world, they are called Adityas. (BU.3.9.5) INDRA The thunder is Indra. (BU.3.9.6)


The sacrifice is Prajapati. (BU.3.9.6)